Board Games Classic Games

How to play Snakes and Ladders Game

Snakes and Ladders is a classic board game that has entertained families for generations. Known for its simplicity and the luck-based gameplay, it’s a game that can be enjoyed by players of all ages. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to play Snakes and Ladders, including the rules that govern this timeless game.

How to play snakes and ladders game


The primary goal in Snakes and Ladders is to be the first player to reach the final square on the board, navigating through a series of ladders that offer shortcuts and snakes that set you back.


  • A Snakes and Ladders board: The board is typically a 10×10 grid of squares, numbered from 1 to 100. The squares contain the bottoms and tops of ladders as well as the heads and tails of snakes, connecting different squares across the board.
  • A single die: Used to determine the movement of players.
  • Player pieces: Each player selects a piece to represent them on the board.


Each player places their piece on the starting square, usually labeled ‘1’ or just off the board next to the ‘1’ square. Determine the order of play by rolling the die; the highest roller goes first, with play proceeding clockwise.

Rules and Gameplay

  1. Taking Turns: On their turn, a player rolls the die and moves their piece forward the number of squares indicated by the die roll.
  2. Ladders and Snakes: If a player lands on a square that is the base of a ladder, they immediately move up to the square at the top of the ladder. Conversely, landing on a square with the head of a snake means the player must move down to the square at the tail of the snake.
  3. Winning the Game: The first player to reach or exceed the final square on the board wins the game. Reaching the final square often requires an exact roll. If a player’s die roll is more than needed to land exactly on the final square, their piece does not move for that turn, or in some variations, it moves to the final square and then bounces back with the remaining moves.

Additional Rules and Variations

  • Multiple Players on a Square: More than one player’s piece can occupy the same square at the same time.
  • Exact Roll to Win: As mentioned, some variations require players to land on the final square with an exact roll. If the roll is too high, the player either stays in place or moves forward to the last square and then back, depending on the rules agreed upon before the game starts.
  • Instant Wins or Setbacks: Some variations introduce special rules for certain squares, like instant wins if you land on them or additional setbacks beyond the standard snakes.


While largely a game of luck, players can still employ minor strategic decisions, especially when playing versions that require an exact roll to win. In such cases, players need to calculate their moves as they approach the end, potentially choosing to aim for specific squares that can increase their chances of utilizing a ladder or avoiding a snake.

Snakes and Ladders is a straightforward yet engaging game that has stood the test of time due to its simple rules and the sheer unpredictability of its outcome. It serves as a metaphor for life, with its ups and downs, and teaches younger players basic counting skills and the virtues of patience and perseverance. Whether you’re playing the traditional version or one of its many variations, Snakes and Ladders promises fun and excitement for players of all ages.

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