Classic Games Strategy Games

How to Play Chess for Beginners: A Step-by-Step Guide

Chess for Beginners

Chess, a game with a history that spans centuries, is a profound test of strategy, tactics, and mental endurance. Known as the “Game of Kings,” chess is played and beloved by millions around the globe. For beginners, chess can appear daunting, with its complex rules and infinite combinations of moves.

If you’re looking to join the ranks of chess enthusiasts, you’re embarking on a rewarding journey that sharpens your mind and spirits. This step-by-step guide is designed to introduce beginners to the fundamentals of chess, from setting up the board to making the first move, and beyond.

Introduction to Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy game played on a checkered board of 64 squares, arranged in an 8×8 grid. Each player starts with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. The goal of chess is to checkmate your opponent’s king, meaning the king is in a position to be captured and cannot escape capture.

Chess for beginners

Understanding the Chessboard

The chessboard is an 8×8 grid, comprising 64 squares of alternating colors, typically black and white. Each player starts with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. The board should be positioned so that each player has a white square at the right-hand corner.

chess for beginners - chess pieces and their moves

The Chess Pieces and Their Moves

1. The Pawn

  • Movement: Pawns move forward one square, but on their first move, they can choose to move forward two squares.
  • Capturing: Pawns capture diagonally, one square forward.
  • Special Moves: En passant and promotion.

2. The Rook

  • Movement: Rooks move any number of squares along a row or column.
  • Capturing: Rooks capture any piece directly in their path of movement.

3. The Knight

  • Movement: Knights move in an L-shape: two squares in one direction and then one square perpendicular, or one square in one direction and then two squares perpendicular.
  • Capturing: Knights can jump over other pieces and capture the piece on their landing square.

4. The Bishop

  • Movement: Bishops move diagonally any number of squares.
  • Capturing: Bishops capture any opposing piece directly in their path of movement.

5. The Queen

  • Movement: The queen combines the power of the rook and bishop, moving any number of squares along a row, column, or diagonal.
  • Capturing: The queen captures any opposing piece directly in her path of movement.

6. The King

  • Movement: The king moves one square in any direction.
  • Capturing: The king captures in the same manner as he moves, but cannot move into check.
  • Special Move: Castling.

Basic Chess Rules and Objectives

The primary objective in chess is to checkmate your opponent’s king, meaning the king is in a position to be captured and cannot escape capture. Here are some foundational rules:

  • Check: Your king is in check if it’s under threat of capture. You must move out of check by moving the king, capturing the threatening piece, or placing a piece between the king and the threat.
  • Checkmate: The game ends with checkmate when a king is in check and cannot escape.
  • Draw: The game can end in a draw in several ways, including stalemate, insufficient material, threefold repetition, or the fifty-move rule.

Setting Up the Game

  1. Position the board: Ensure each player has a white square on the right.
  2. Place the pieces: Rooks in the corners, knights next to them, bishops next to knights, and the queen on her color (white queen on white, black queen on black). The king takes the remaining square, and pawns are placed on the second row.

See also: How to Set Up a Game of Chess

Making the First Move

The player with the white pieces always moves first in chess. Opening moves are crucial as they set the stage for the middle game; they aim to control the center of the board, develop your pieces to effective squares, and safeguard your king, often through castling.

Basic Strategies and Tips

Control the Center

The center of the board (e4, d4, e5, d5) is a powerful position, allowing your pieces maximum flexibility and control.

Develop Your Pieces

Get your knights and bishops into the game early, aiming for squares where they can influence the board.

Safeguard Your King

Castling early can protect your king and connect your rooks, preparing for the game’s next phase.

Watch Your Opponent’s Moves

Always consider your opponent’s last move. What are they planning? Can you counter their threats?

Practice Endgames

Learning a few basic checkmates, such as the king and queen against the king, can improve your game dramatically.

Chess Etiquette

Remember to shake hands before and after the game, always say “check” when attacking your opponent’s king, and “good game” or “gg” regardless of the outcome. Respect for opponents is paramount in chess culture.


Chess is a journey, not a destination. Every game is a learning opportunity, a chance to improve and enjoy the rich complexities of this ancient game. This guide has laid the foundation, but the depth of chess is limitless. Practice regularly, study grandmaster games, and don’t be afraid to challenge yourself. Welcome to the world of chess, where every move is a new adventure.

This comprehensive guide should provide beginners with a solid foundation in chess, covering everything from the basics of the game to introductory strategies. By following these steps, new players can confidently start their chess journey, gradually building their skills and understanding of this timeless game.

Further Learning

  • Study Famous Games: Analyze games played by chess masters to understand advanced strategies.
  • Puzzles and Problems: Solving chess puzzles can significantly improve your tactical skills.
  • Join a Chess Club or Online Community: Playing against others can offer new insights and accelerate your learning.

Where to buy: Find Chess Sets on Amazon ($23.99)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *