The Comprehensive Guide to the Rules of Uno

What are the rules of Uno?

Uno, the iconic card game that has been a staple in family game nights and friendly gatherings for decades, offers a unique blend of simplicity and strategy. Known for its colorful deck and fast-paced gameplay, Uno is beloved by people of all ages. Whether you’re a seasoned player aiming to refresh your memory or a newcomer eager to join in on the fun, understanding the rules of Uno is essential. This post is your go-to guide for navigating the rules of Uno, ensuring your next game is both enjoyable and fair.

What are the rules of uno

The Basics of Uno

Uno is designed for 2 to 10 players and utilizes a special deck of 108 cards, comprising four color suits (Red, Green, Yellow, and Blue) and action cards. The objective is straightforward: be the first player to discard all your cards, and in doing so, score points from the cards left in your opponents’ hands.

Setting Up the Game

  1. Shuffle the Deck: Mix the cards thoroughly to ensure a random distribution.
  2. Deal the Cards: Each player receives seven cards dealt face down.
  3. Begin the Discard Pile: Flip the top card of the remaining deck to start the discard pile. If an action card is the first one turned over, certain rules apply (detailed below).
  4. Place the Draw Pile: The rest of the deck sits face down next to the discard pile, forming the draw pile.

Understanding the Cards

  • Number Cards: Each color suit contains 19 cards, one number 0 and two sets of cards numbered 1-9.
  • Action Cards: Each color has two of the following: “Skip” (next player misses a turn), “Reverse” (changes the direction of play), and “Draw Two” (next player draws two cards and misses a turn).
  • Wild Cards: There are four “Wild” cards (allowing the player to change the color being played) and four “Wild Draw Four” cards (change the color and the next player draws four cards and misses a turn).

Playing Uno: The Rules

Playing a Card

On your turn, play a card from your hand that matches the top card on the discard pile in color, number, or symbol. Alternatively, you can play a Wild card or a Wild Draw Four card.

Drawing a Card

If you cannot play any of your cards, you must draw a card from the draw pile. If the drawn card can be played, you may do so immediately. Otherwise, play moves to the next person.

Saying “Uno”

When you have only one card left, you must shout “Uno!” to alert the other players. If you fail to say “Uno” before another player calls it out on you, you must draw two more cards as a penalty.

Winning a Round

The round ends when a player has no cards left. Points are then scored based on the cards remaining in other players’ hands (detailed in the scoring section below).

Special Rules for Action Cards

  • Skip: The next player in sequence misses a turn.
  • Reverse: The direction of play changes (clockwise to counterclockwise, or vice versa).
  • Draw Two: The next player draws two cards and misses a turn.
  • Wild: The player declares which color will resume play.
  • Wild Draw Four: The next player draws four cards and misses a turn. This card can only be played if you do not have a card in your hand that matches the color on the discard pile. However, the use of this card may be challenged.

There are several rules concering the Draw 2 and Wild Draw Four Card because they can be such a game changer for the game. Essentially, these rules can be adjusted according to the interests of the group playing or to previously reviewed house rules. However, here are some general rules concerning this stacking wild cards. According to the official UnoRules site:

“Take note that you can only put down one card at a time; you cannot stack two or more cards together on the same turn. For example, you cannot put down a Draw Two on top of another Draw Two, or Wild Draw Four during the same turn, or put down two Wild Draw Four cards together.”


Most players will end the game after someone declares Uno. However, if deciding to include Uno Scoring, follow these rules:

At the end of a round, the winner scores points based on the cards left in their opponents’ hands:

  • Number cards: Face value
  • Skip/Reverse/Draw Two: 20 points each
  • Wild/Wild Draw Four: 50 points each

The game continues until a player reaches a predetermined score, typically 500 points, and is declared the overall winner.

The rules of Uno are designed to ensure a dynamic and engaging game experience, filled with unexpected twists and strategic decisions. Whether employing a well-timed “Wild Draw Four” or strategically holding onto that crucial “Skip” card, mastering the rules of Uno opens up a world of competitive fun and laughter. So gather your friends or family, deal those cards, and get ready for a game that’s easy to learn, impossible to predict, and always entertaining. Remember, the spirit of Uno lies in the joy of playing, so keep the competition friendly and enjoy every round to the fullest.

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