Outdoor Games

How to Play Croquet

Playing croquet is a delightful way to spend a sunny afternoon outdoors. This traditional lawn game, enjoyed by players of all ages, combines elements of strategy, skill, and a bit of friendly competition. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to play croquet, covering the essentials from setup to gameplay.

how to play croquet


  • Croquet Mallets: One per player.
  • Balls: Typically, one ball per player, color-coordinated with the mallets.
  • Wickets: Metal or plastic hoops inserted into the ground to create the course.
  • Stakes: Two stakes are placed at either end of the course.

Setting Up the Course

  1. Lay Out the Court: While croquet can be played on any grassy area, a standard full-size court measures 100 feet by 50 feet. However, you can adjust the size to fit your available space.
  2. Position the Wickets and Stakes: Set up the wickets and stakes to form a double-diamond pattern, which is traditional for croquet. The course begins and ends with a stake, with a series of wickets laid out in specific patterns between them.

Basic Rules and Objectives

  • Objective: The aim of croquet is to hit your ball through the course’s wickets in the correct sequence and direction, ending by striking the final stake. The first player or team to complete the course wins.
  • Order of Play: Players take turns in a sequence determined at the game’s start, typically following the color sequence of the balls (blue, red, black, yellow for a four-ball game).
  • Starting the Game: Players begin by placing their ball between the starting stake and the first wicket and striking it with their mallet.


Taking Turns

On their turn, a player gets one strike of the ball. If they successfully pass their ball through the correct wicket in sequence, they earn an additional strike.

Earning Extra Strikes

  • Scoring a Wicket: If your ball goes through the correct wicket, you earn one additional strike.
  • Hitting Another Ball (Roquet): If you hit another player’s ball with your own, you get two extra strikes. After a roquet, you may place your ball next to the struck ball and take a “croquet” shot, hitting your ball to move both it and the other ball.
  • Continuation Strike: After taking the croquet shot, you get one more strike to continue your play.


  • Blocking and Positioning: Use your turns to position your ball advantageously for your next turn or to block opponents from easily reaching their next wicket.
  • Team Play: In team games, coordinate with your partner to set up shots or hinder your opponents strategically.

Winning the Game

The game ends when a player (or team) successfully hits their ball through all the wickets in the correct order and direction and then strikes the finishing stake. In more casual play, you can adjust the number of times the course must be completed to extend or shorten the game duration.

Tips for New Players

  • Practice Your Swing: Spend some time getting comfortable with holding and swinging your mallet.
  • Observe Others: Watch more experienced players to learn tactics and strategies.
  • Stay Patient: Like any sport, becoming proficient at croquet takes practice. Enjoy the learning process!

Croquet is a versatile game that can be as casual or competitive as the players decide, making it perfect for family gatherings, picnics, or more formal tournaments. With its rich history and straightforward yet strategic gameplay, croquet offers endless outdoor fun. Whether you’re playing a quick backyard game or a more structured match, croquet is sure to provide enjoyment and challenge for players of all skill levels.

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